Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments

  • Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments

    Electronic Measurement

    Units and Measurements in Instrumentation
    Rules for Writing Symbols of Units
    Standards for Measurement
    Terminologies used in Measurement


    Multimeter Introduction
    Sensitivity of Ammeter with Formula
    Extension of Range of Ammeter
    Multi Range Ammeter with Circuit
    Voltmeter | Multi Range Voltmeter
    Rectifier type of Instrument
    Rectifier Type Ammeter
    Rectifier Type Voltmeter
    Series Type Ohmmeter and Shunt Type Ohmmeter
    Multi-Meter – Specifications, Diagram and Working
    Electronic Test Meters
    Advantages of Electronic Voltmeter
    Electronic Voltmeter using FET
    Electronic Voltmeter Using Transistor - FET and BJT
    Measurement of Alternating Current and Voltage
    Digital Voltmeter - Advantages, Features, Principle
    Single Slope (RAMP) Converter
    Dual Slope Converter Type of DVM
    Successive Approximation Type Digital Voltmeter
    Specifications of Digital Multimeter
    Digital Panel Meter with Block Diagram
    Digital Multimeter Block Diagram Explanation
    Probes for Multimeter

    Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

    Cathode Ray Oscilloscope with Block Diagram
    Cathode Ray Tube Construction and Working
    Electrostatic Focusing in CRT
    Electrostatic Deflection in CRT
    Beam Transit Time and Deflection Plates in CRT
    Fluorescent Screen in CRT
    Vertical Deflection System in CRO
    Input Attenuator in CRO
    Vertical Amplifier with Block Diagram
    Delay Line in CRO
    Types of Delay Line in CRO
    Horizontal Deflection System in CRO
    Triggered Sweep in CRO
    CRO Synchronization
    Horizontal Amplifier Block Diagram
    Different Types of CRO Probes
    Dual Trace CRO Working and Block Diagram
    Dual Beam Oscilloscope Block Diagram
    Storage Oscilloscope Notes
    Working Principle of Sampling Oscilloscope
    Advantages of Digital Storage Oscilloscope
    Specifications of CRO and their Significance
    CRO and its Applications
    CRO Front Panel Controls
    Procedure for Operation of CRO
    Deflection Sensitivity of CRT
    Measurement of Voltage and Current using CRO
    Measurement of Frequency using CRO
    Measurement of Phase using CRO

    Power Meters

    Audio Frequency Power Meter
    RF Power Measurement using Thermocouple Instrument
    Bolometer Method of Power Measurement

    AC Millivoltmeter

    AC Millivoltmeter Block Diagram
    Rectifier Amplifier Type AC Millivoltmeter

    Signal Generators

    Signal Conditioners in Instrumentation
    Audio Frequency Oscillator Working
    AM Signal Generator
    Alignment of Radio Receiver
    AM/FM Signal Generator Block Diagram and Working
    Function Generator Block Diagram Explanation
    Pulse Generator Block Diagram and Explanation
    Amplitude, Frequency and Phase Distortion
    Measurement of Distortion


    Bridges in Electronic Instrumentation
    Wheatstone Bridge Design and Working
    Maxwell Bridge, Advantages and Disadvantages
    Hay Bridge Derivation
    Measurement of Inductance
    Schering Bridge with Formula


    Open Loop and Closed Loop Control System
    Examples of Open Loop and Closed Loop Control System
    Manually Controlled Closed Loop System
    Automatic Room Temperature Control
    Comparison between Open and Closed Loop Control System
    Data Acquisition System with Block Diagram
    Classification, Elements, Configuration of Data Acquisition System
    Signal Conditioning Methods
    Single Channel Data Acquisition System
    Multi Channel Data Acquisition System
    Analog and Digital Data Acquisition Systems

    Power Supplies

    Power Supplies Introduction
    Power Supply Characteristics
    Regulated Power Supply Specifications
    Load Regulation Formula
    Transistor Series Voltage Regulator Theory
    Transistor Shunt Voltage Regulator Working
    Regulated Power Supply with Short Circuit Protection

    Data Recorders

    Data Recorders Introduction
    Galvanometric Recorders
    Potentiometric Recorder
    Strip Chart Recorder with Block Diagram
    Circular Chart Recorder with Diagram
    XY Recorder Block Diagram & Working
    Digital Data Recording System

    Digital Controller System

    Digital Process Controller
    Digital Processing
    Direct Digital Control Block Diagram
    Computer Supervisory Control System

    Spectrum Analyzer and Logical Analyzer

    Spectrum Analyzer Block Diagram
    Logic Analyzer Block Diagram

    To be continued...

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