**The NMOS AND Gate Circuit**

Figure 3.21(a) shows a two-input AND gate using NMOS field-effect transistors. This diagram is a modification of the AND gate using switches shown in Fig. 3.21(b). The AND gate constructed using mechanical switches was discussed in Section 24 using Fig. 2.4. Figure 3.21(b) is a reproduction of Fig. 2.4 for reference. The mechanical switches of 3.21(b) are replaced with NMOS transistors in Fig. 3.21(a). We find that in Fig. 3.21(a), if

*A*=**0**and*B*=**0**(i.e.,*A*and*B*have 0-volt inputs), transistors*T*_{1 }and*T*_{2}will remain in the OFF-state. Then, output*Z*= 0 volt (logic**0**). The same situation prevails, when*A*=**0**and*B*=**1**, or*B*=**0**and*A*=**1**(here logic**0**= 0 volt). Now, if*A*=*B*=**1**, then both*T*_{1}and*T*_{2}conduct and develop +*V*_{DD}, across the load transistor*T*_{3}. This means that the output*Z*= logic**1**. These may be summarized as given Table 3.2. The entries given in Table 3.2 are found to be that of the AND operation. So, we conclude that the logic gate shown in Fig. 3.21(a)- performs the positive-logic AND operation.

**Table 3.2 NMOS AND**

A | B | Z |

0 0 1 1 | 0 1 0 1 | 0 0 0 1 |

Nice! Thanks for this and other posts.

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