Biomedical Engineering KTU Notes

  • Biomedical Engineering KTU Notes

    Electrodes, Sensors and Transducer:

    Transducers and Sensors
    Capacitive and Inductive Transducers
    LVDT - Advantages and Disadvantages

    Bioelectric Amplifiers:

    Bioelectric Amplifiers Introduction
    Isolation Amplifiers
    Isolation Amplifiers using Optical Isolation
    Chopper Stabilized Amplifier Principle
    Input Guarding in Biomedical Instrumentation


    Electrocardiogram of the Heart
    ECG Measurement System
    ECG Machine Block diagram and working

    Instrumentation for measuring brain function:

    Electroencephalography EEG, Electrode Placement System
    Block Diagram of EEG Machine
    Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications of EEG

    Intensive and Coronary care units:

    Intensive Care Unit and Critical Care Unit
    Central Monitoring Console in ICU

    Medical Ultrasonography

    Ultrasound Transducer Working
    Ultrasound Scan Modes
    Ultrasonic Flow Meter Diagram
    Ultrasonic Blood Pressure Measurement
    Advantages and Disadvantages of Ultrasonography

    Modern Imaging Systems

    X-Ray Tube Working Principle
    Block Diagram of X-ray Machine
    Computerized Axial Tomography How it Works
    Advantages and Disadvantages of CT Scan
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan Test
    Applications and Advantages of MRI over CT Scan
    Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan

    Electromagnetic Interference to Medical Equipments

    Electromagnetic Interference - types, sources, causes, effects
    How does EMI affect the bio-medical sensors
    Source Shielding and Receiver Shielding

    Physiological Pressure Measurements:

    Systolic Pressure and Diastolic Pressure
    Measurement of Blood Pressure
    Non Invasive Blood Pressure Measurement
    Pacing modes of Pacemaker
    Block Diagram of Pacemaker System
    Different Types of Defibrillators
    Defibrillator Working Principle
    Electromagnetic Blood Flow Meter and its Advantages

    Human Respiratory System and its Measurement:

    Human Respiratory System - functions, parts and parameters
    Spirometer Working Principle
    Respiratory Therapy Equipments
    Types of Ventilator Modes
    Microprocessor based Ventilators
    Impedance pneumography


    Bioinformatics and its Applications
    Protein Sequence Database Examples
    Secondary Databases in Bioinformatics
    Genome Information Resources
    Specialized Genomic Resources (Boutique Database)
    DNA Sequence Analysis in Bioinformatics
    Dot Plot Sequence Alignment
    Local Alignment and Global Alignment in Bioinformatics
    Multiple Sequence Alignment Definition
    Multiple Sequence Alignment Methods
    What is PSI-BLAST
    Secondary Database Searching & Hidden Markov Model

    Biotelemetry system:

    Biotelemetry Applications and Advantages
    Block Diagram of Biotelemetry system
    Single Channel Telemetry System
    FDM and TDM Multiplexing
    Implantable Telemetry System

    Therapeutic and medical laboratory equipment:

    Heart Lung Machine Block Diagram
    Renal System Physiology
    Hemodialysis Machine Block Diagram
    Colorimeter Diagram
    Diathermy - Types and Application


    EMG Block Diagram Explanation
    Micro and Macro Shock Hazards

    To be continued...

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